In the midst of the ruins of the past and the troops of western forces, the Afghans are in search of sense, freedom and identity. The afghan civilisation has been, since the attacks of September 11th 2001, confronted to a war between NATO troops and the Taliban. In line with the international protection force ISAF, the Bundeswehr has been participating in stabilizing the country, as well as in establishing and training an afghan national army. In 2014 the mandate of the Bundestag for an operational mission ended. German military presence however has been extended in an advisory mission.The question about the future of Afghanistan and its’ people is what remains.